GM 100




GM 70 OTL Preamplifier Phono


The philosophy of GM 7O phono stage design, is the most typical for GRAAF, followed for its whole production. It regards mainly the insertion of the active elements in an environment that is able to let them express their complete potential. The same importance is given to the full exploitation of each component own characteristics, so to avoid the use of additional circuits, which could interfere on the musicality of the performance. Therefore, RF filtering is obtained by the inner characteristics of active components used, and not with the recourse to a passive network. In the same way, in order to obtain the correct input sensitivity for MC cartridges, there is not any additional gain stage. Instead, a variable gain Implement has been chosen, because it has a simpler lay out and is more transparent to music.

GM 100 RIAA eq is made by a completely passive network, placed after the gain stage. Its components have been calibrated with the greatest care to maximize the response precision and the purity of the musical signal, with the help of critical listening tests as well. Power supply implements the same transformers section of GM 13.5 B II, quite huge, followed by independent filtering for gain and RIAA stage, and for output stage.


 The correct electric interface between cartridge and phono stage has been carefully regarded. The knob on the back side of the unit is for the selection of six different impedance loads. Wishing to have a custom load, it is possible to use the upper RCA plugs to connect a resistance of the proper value.

The input stage is based on two pairs of PC 9OO tubes. Gain stage and output buffer stage use a pair of 6922 tubes each, chosen for their linearity, low noise and musical characteristics. The active components used by GM 7O and the whole GRAAF production are subject to a very hard selection, that guarantee the full correspondence of each unit to the reference specifications.

GM 100

Built manually one by one, with components selected with the greatest care, tested by a severe burn in procedure that go on no stop for several days, each one presented to the definitive approval of the designer in person, given only after a careful listening test, GRAAF electronics have all the qualities to fulfil the most discerning of the listeners, first of all for purity of sound and luminousness of timbre.

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Technical Data:

Frequency response: 20 Hz - 20 Kh
50 KHz Attenuation: 28 db.
100 khz Attenuation: 34,8 db
Input Impedance: 38, 56,100,500,1000,47000. ohm
High Gain 56db
Signal/Noise Ratio: 73 db
Separation: 60 dB
Low Gain 46 dB
Signal/Noise Ratio: 82 db
Separation 70 db
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GRAAF: for high quality sound lovers.


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